Study of Luke 23:6-12
We are almost at the end of this book now (only 2 chapters left to go!) and things are getting messy! Jesus has been falsely arrested and now the authorities are battling over what to do with this ‘troublemaker’.
- Pilate only sends Jesus to Herod in Luke’s account. Why do you think Luke wanted to include this information?
- Why was Herod wanting to meet Jesus? How long had he been waiting?
- Why did Herod get Jesus dressed up in a robe like a king?
- Why do you think that Jesus spoke to Pilate but refused to reply to Herod?
- Why was Jesus sent back to Pilate again at the end of the passage?
I am sure you will know this passage already so I am just going to give a quick summary before getting into the questions for today:
Jesus is arrested, Peter follows, people around question Peter about his connection with Jesus, he denies knowing Jesus, once, twice, three times, then the roaster crows and Peter remembers that he told Jesus he would never deny him but Jesus told him he would do so three times before the roaster crowed….. and breathe!
- Why is Jesus taken straight to the high priest after being arrested?
- Why does Peter deny knowing Jesus?
- Why does Peter cry when he denies Jesus for the third time? What is he remembering?
- Previously, Jesus used the Greek word agape for love the first two times, while Peter used a different word, phileo. Agape carries the meaning of intense, complete, devoted, sacrificial love, while phileo refers to love as in friendship. Why do you think they used different words?
- What can we learn from this and apply to our lives today?
Study of Luke 21:20-24
The passage prior to this one is a prediction of the end of time and warns us, as Christians, to expect conflict and harm from others. This passage that follows is yet another prediction of times to come but where the previous one ends by telling us faith will save us, this one seems to end as darkly as it begins.
- What is different about the way in which Jesus talks about the destruction of Jerusalem here versus in Matthew 24:15-22 and Mark 13:14-20?
- At the end of this passage the statement “until the times of the Gentiles” is given – what does this mean?
- How do these prophecies of Jesus reinforce your faith in Him?
Study of Luke 20:41-44
In this passage, Jesus is answering a question, perhaps asked by someone or maybe He just knew they would be wondering about it – ‘Why do people say the Christ is the Son of David?’
- Who is Jesus talking to in this passage?
- Is the question a genuine or rhetorical question? How can we know?
- In verse 42, it says ‘The Lord said to my Lord’. Who are these referring to? Are they the same person?
- Which enemies of God did David put ‘under God’s control’?
- Finally, I am asking the question that Jesus asks in the passage: David calls the Christ ‘Lord,’ so how can the Christ be his son?
Study of Luke 18:15-17
In yesterday’s passage, Jesus told the people that those who cause others to sin would be better off drowned due to the consequences. In this passage in Luke 18, we find Jesus telling the disciples not to reject or push away the children because the Kingdom belongs to people who are them.
- Why were the people bringing their babies to Jesus? Why did they want Him to touch them?
- Why do the disciples try to push the children away from God?
- What does it mean to ‘accept the Kingdom of God as a child’?
- In what way/s are children examples of how we should be? What traits is Jesus suggesting we lack?
- What is the lesson in this passage for us today?
Study of Luke 17:24-37
In this passage found in Luke 17, Jesus is telling His followers of what to expect when He comes back again. We know that they would not have experienced His second coming as we are yet to experience it, but we know that Jesus did not even know when this would be. He did know that we would be reading this though so perhaps it was intended more for those of us who read this in the Bible than for those who wrote it down in the first place.
- What signs are mentioned in the passage that will tell us Jesus is coming?
- Can you remember/ find another incidence that Jesus or God shone like lightening like He is depicted to do in His second coming?
- Why is this time also described like the events surrounding Noah and Lot?
- Verse 33 reads, ‘Those who try to keep their lives will lose them. But those who give up their lives will save them.’ What does this mean?
- When the people around who heard Jesus say all this they asked Him where it will happen. Jesus answered, “Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather.” What does He mean?
Study of Luke 13:31-35
We are very far away now from the lovely Christmas story that is usually told at this time of year. We are deep into the mud and mire of Jesus’ life and the sadness and darkness is building. The baby, kings, sheep and cosy stable are far away but this is the reality of Jesus’ life and our lives too. Christmas is great, but it doesn’t last forever. We have work to do and it won’t be happy, jolly, fun all the time – sometimes, it requires sacrifice and pain too.
- In previous passages, the Pharisees have tried to trick or even endanger Jesus. Why are they warning Him about Herod now?
- Why does Jesus refer to Herod as a fox?
- What is the importance of Jerusalem here? Why does Jesus say He cannot be killed outside of Jerusalem?
- Who was Jesus greatest enemy at this point? Herod? The religious leaders? The general public?
- Does Jesus let the adversity affect Him or what He decides to do going forward?
Study of Luke 12:1-7
It’s busy. So busy that the crowd are standing on each other’s toes. They have gathered to see and hear Jesus and what does He decide to talk to this very large, eager crowd about? Love? Grace? Forgiveness? Nope. He tells them not the be like the Pharisees, who are hypocrites! Not a nice message to hear – especially if you are a Pharisee!
- Why do you think Jesus decided to talk about hypocrisy at this moment? Was it because He knew He could reach lots of people with a lesson important to Him? Maybe it was because He knew there were Pharisees in the crowd who would hear the message too? What do you think?
- Why does Jesus tell the people to ‘Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees…’ What does He mean by that?
- Jesus starts by talking about hypocrisy, then about fearing the devil and finally, about how much God knows about and cares for us – more than the sparrows. Why do you think Jesus combined these stories in one session?
The events of Luke 9:28-36 happen just over a week after Jesus told His disciples about His death and resurrection. He had a lot to think about, so He took Peter, James and John, and went up on the mountain to pray. The disciples fell asleep and when they woke up, Jesus was talking about His ‘departure from the earth’ with Moses and Elijah – two of the greatest prophets known to them! They wanted to make them comfortable, and honour them, so Peter suggested they build tents for Jesus, Moses and Elijah. God came in a cloud and spoke to them and Elijah and Moses vanished, leaving just Jesus and the disciples on the mountain. None of them spoke about the occasion again.
- This event is referred to as the transfiguration. Why do you think that is?
- Just days before this took place Jesus had been speaking to His disciples about His death and resurrection. Do you think the timing is significant here? If so, why?
- Jesus only brought three of His disciples with Him to the mountain. Looking back at previous passages, do you think there was a reason that He brought these three specifically?
- What is the significance of Jesus meeting with Elijah and Moses?
- What is the relevance of this event for us today?
This passage is not short nor simple. There are alot of topics covered in a short period of time, and it can be hard to make sense of what is going on. Other than when he baptises Jesus, this is the only passage dedicated to John. We are told in the first chapter of the book that he was born to start the work Jesus would complete but now, John is unsure if Jesus really is the Lord, and sends people out to find out the truth (in Matthew’s book, we find out this is because he was in prison and couldn’t go alone).
- What do you think has happened to make John start doubting Jesus’ authority, position and power?
- When John’s disciples have left, Jesus flips the question they asked him on its head, asking those around Him who they think John is. Why do you think He did this?
- The passage finishes one with one line –”But wisdom is proved to be right by what it does.” What does this mean and what does it have to do with the previous conversations?